NORTHEAST OF BRAZIL - General Information

Officially, the Atlantic region has 9 states. But, in practice, they are 10. The doors are open to the northeast at the Espírito Santo state, its natural, cultural and gastronomic resources offer the possibility to observe the Ruschi Augustus Reserve, the most diverse population of hummingbirds in the world.

Brazil was actually “born” in the Northeast, specifically in Bahia, home of the first capital of the country with a coastline of 932 km. In the capital, Salvador da Bahia, start your journey in the gazebo located at Elevador Lacerda, which connects uptown to downtown. Find out the Bay of All Saints and then go down the elevator, cross the street and head to the Mercado Modelo.

The initiated into the mysteries of Candomblé ensure that all paths begin and meet in the markets. Before, walking in the streets and alleys of Salvador, go to the Mercado Modelo. Before entering, please be aware that in the black religious culture, markets are protected by Exu, the Lord of the Ways. Inside, they sell beans, herbs, leaves and ritual african-Bahia objects. Take the opportunity to begin to unravel the secrets of African cuisine in the restaurants of the Camafeu de Oxóssi and Maria de São Pedro.

A legend says that Yemanjá, the sea goddess, is the mother of most African orishas. In this Orisha Bahia pleople devote a memorable party in the neighborhood of Rio Vermelho. Dive into
the salty waters of the goddess between Barra beach and lagoon Itapoã. Do not miss the beach, Praia do Forte, the Tamar Project – a project for the protection of marine turtles, which has saved 300 000 pups of the species.

Start at the city's historic center, Pelourinho, the largest collection of Baroque architecture in Latin America, declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. Before heading down the hill, visit the Afro-Brazilian Museum in the Shrine of Jesus.

Bahia locals tell that there are 365 churches in the city, one for each day of the year. As in the Shrine of Jesus, the magnificent Basilica Cathedral. Next to it, there is the church of St. Francisco de Assis, with arabesques in gold-plated wood. The best known and popular church in Bahia is the Lord of Bonfim, the scene of a party of enormous proportion, the Washing of Bonfim, held every second Thursday of January.

Salvador houses the most diverse set of museums in the country. At the Museum of Sacred Art it is the largest collection of religious art in Brazil. Carlos Pinto museum houses an impressive collection of china and cutlery. Visit also the Museum of Carmo, with pieces of furniture and silver.

In front of Salvador, on the other side of the bay, it is the island of Itaparica. The crossing is done by ferry-boat. The island has strong and colonial houses of the sixteenth century.

The next stop along the paths of the sun is in Sergipe, where you can taste delicious crabs at kiosks at Atalaia Velha beach. The coastline of the state offers first class attractions such as beaches Aruana and Robalo, with sand dunes and coconut trees. 15 km from Aracaju, get down to the beach of Atalaia Nova, with calm seas and little waves.

In Aracaju, while tasting sweet genipap, typical fruit of the state, visit the museum Rosa Faria, with an exhibition of porcelain plates and tile panels.

Sergipe offers visitors historic cities. St. Cristovão, 26 km from Aracaju, was transformed into a national monument and should be covered on foot. The visitor will be enchanted with churches, museums and great houses.

In Estancia, 59 km from the capital, great traditional parties happen between June 10 and July 9. In Laranjeiras, enjoy many folklore dances: reisado, congada, cacumbi, and cheganças e taieiras.

Alagoas offers some of the most captivating beaches of the Northeast. On the coast of Maceió, the beaches of Ponta Verde and Pajuçara offer natural beauty and excitement. The enchantment continues outside the urban perimeter, on the beach called Praia do Francês, with reefs forming pools of warm water. 29 km from Maceió, it is the colonial town of Barra de São Miguel, ideal for surfing.

On the waterfront of Barra de Santo Antônio, embark towards the island of Croa. The beach is almost deserted, with pools of corals. - When hungry, look for kiosks and have some oysters, shrimp and fresh fish.

Marechal Deodoro, 31 km from Maceió, is a historic site full of artistic monuments, such as the Convent of San Francisco, and popular events, such as coco de roda, and chegança and pastoril.

Coveted, in the colonial era, by the Dutch, who dominated and bequeathed to the architectural heritage of the city's fort - Brum and Cinco Pontas, Recife, capital of Pernambuco, founded in 1537, combines the memory of the past with the pace of the big cities. Going beyond its limits, 7 km from the center, it becomes the historic Olinda, declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Unleash Recife starting from the courtyard of St. Peter, surrounded by colonial mansions and blessed by the church of Saint Peter of Clerics, built in the eighteenth century made by Portuguese stonework with Baroque doors in rosewood. Then visit the district of Recife, with its old houses.

Before crossing one of the two bridges connecting the ancient to the modern Recife, walk down the narrow streets of the seventeenth century, get involved in an environment steeped in Indian, Lusitanian and Dutch traditions, such as the churches of Santíssimo Sacramento, Nossa Senhora do Carmo and Madre de Deus.

Two important cultural centers are: the Francisco Brennand and the Northeast museums.

Surrender to the sea on the beach of Boa Viagem. The waters are warm and there is an excellent tourist infrastructure. For those who want isolation, 35km from Recife, the beaches of Galhetas and Gabu are ideal. There is also Porto de Galinhas, with its beach of clear waters, protected by coral reefs.

When in the seventeenth century, the Dutch invaded Brazil in Pernambuco, they built the Fort Orange to resist the Portuguese. At Itamaracá Island - 49 km from Recife.


Preserved from the sixteenth century, the historic city of Olinda is a busy place for those lovers of the nightlife. Stage of a frantic carnival, marked by the rhythm of frevo. In its steep streets, breathes history and beauty. Especially within some magnificent churches, such as the Convent of St. Francisco and Saint Benedict's Monastery.

At 51 km from Caruaru, in Brejo da Madre de Deus during the Holy Week is staged a spectacle at an outdoor theater in New Jerusalem. Going up the BR-104, the next destination is Campina Grande, Paraiba, capital of forro - it happens in June, the biggest party of São João.

In João Pessoa, Ponta do Seixas, located in Cabo Branco, is the easternmost point of South America. In João Pessoa, the beache of Tambaba is the favorite one, with harsh vegetation, high cliffs. It is ideal for those looking for peace and quiet.

The dunes are amazing. Surrender to the pleasure of riding a buggy at Bald Hill. You are in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. For surfers, the destination is the beach of the Artists. 36 km from Natal, there is Genipabu dunes. Enjoy a buggy ride!

CEARÁ: RAFTS AND LACE - Only in 1649 the Portuguese landed in Ceará to fight the French invaders. Then, they discovered some of the loveliest beaches in the world. Start your journey from Fortaleza. The itinerary begins at Avenida Beira-Mar. The first beach to be known is Iracema, where the sunsetting is the attraction. Another option is the Mucuripe Beach, where you can witness the spectacle of the rafts coming back to mainland.

One of the most important museums in the Northeast is in Natal - Câmara Cascudo - with an exceptional anthropological and folkloric collection.